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|Title:||Endemic melioidosis in tropical northern Australia: a 10-year prospective study and review of the literature.|
|Citation:||Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2000-10; 31(4): 981-6|
|Abstract:||In a prospective study of melioidosis in northern Australia, 252 cases were found over 10 years. Of these, 46% were bacteremic, and 49 (19%) patients died. Despite administration of ceftazidime or carbapenems, mortality was 86% (43 of 50 patients) among those with septic shock. Pneumonia accounted for 127 presentations (50%) and genitourinary infections for 37 (15%), with 35 men (18%) having prostatic abscesses. Other presentations included skin abscesses (32 patients; 13%), osteomyelitis and/or septic arthritis (9; 4%), soft tissue abscesses (10; 4%), and encephalomyelitis (10; 4%). Risk factors included diabetes (37%), excessive alcohol intake (39%), chronic lung disease (27%), chronic renal disease (10%), and consumption of kava (8%). Only 1 death occurred among the 51 patients (20%) with no risk factors (relative risk, 0.08; 95% confidence interval, 0.01-0.58). Intensive therapy with ceftazidime or carbapenems, followed by at least 3 months of eradication therapy with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, was associated with decreased mortality. Strategies are needed to decrease the high mortality with melioidosis septic shock. Preliminary data on granulocyte colony-stimulating factor therapy are very encouraging.|
|Click to open PubMed article:||https://www.ezpdhcs.nt.gov.au/login?url=https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed//11049780|
|Journal title:||Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America|
|Appears in Collections:||(a) NT Health Research Collection|
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