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Title: Milk formulas in acute gastroenteritis and malnutrition: a randomized trial.
Authors: Kukuruzovic, R H
Brewster, D R
Citation: Journal of paediatrics and child health 2002-12; 38(6): 571-7
Abstract: To compare three low-lactose milk formulas differing in osmolality and degree of protein hydrolysis in the treatment of diarrhoea and malnutrition in subjects with high rates of lactose intolerance, osmotic diarrhoea and a tropical/environmental enteropathy. A randomized double-blind trial of 180 Aboriginal children under 3 years of age admitted with acute diarrhoea and/or malnutrition was carried out. The intervention milk formulas were: (i) De-Lact, a low-osmolality lactose-free formula; (ii) O-Lac, a lactose-free formula; and (iii) Alfaré, a partially hydrolysed formula. Outcome measures were diarrhoeal severity, weight gain, formula palatability and changes in intestinal permeability (L/R ratios). The duration of diarrhoea in days (mean; 95% confidence interval) was significantly longer on Alfaré (8.5; 7.0-10.0) compared to De-Lact (6.1; 5.0-7.2) and O-Lac (6.9; 5.6-8.1; P = 0.04). There were no differences in mean intake between formulas, but palatability of Alfaré was significantly worse (P < 0.01) than the other formulas. Over the trial 5 days, improvement in L/R ratios was significantly greater (P = 0.05) for De-Lact (18.6; 10.6-26.6) than for Alfaré (8.5; 2.1-14.9). Weight gain was not significantly different between the three formulas, except in a malnourished subgroup who had better weight gain on De-Lact (P = 0.05). In these Aboriginal children with diarrhoea and growth failure, a low osmolality milk was associated with better outcomes and a partially hydrolysed formula with less improvement in mucosal recovery, suggesting that cow's milk protein intolerance is not contributing to greater diarrhoeal severity or enteropathy in Aboriginal children.
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Journal title: Journal of paediatrics and child health
Publication Date: 2002-12
ISSN: 1034-4810
Type: Clinical Trial
Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Appears in Collections:(a) NT Health Research Collection

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