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Title: Prediction of failure of native arteriovenous fistulas using 'on-line' fistula flow measurements.
Authors: Treacy, P John
Ragg, Joe L
Snelling, Paul
Lawton, Paul
Lammi, Helen
Citation: Nephrology (Carlton, Vic.) 2005-04; 10(2): 136-41
Abstract: Measurement of blood flow within native arteriovenous fistula during haemodialysis is recommended to detect incipient fistula failure. In the present study the value of such flow measurements was assessed in a group of patients on maintenance haemodialysis, with access via native arteriovenous fistulas. Flow was measured using the 'on-line' thermodilution technique, on three separate occasions, and correlated with subsequent fistula failure within 6 months. Of the 53 patients studied, there were six failures (three thromboses and three inadequate dialysis filtration rates). Flow rates in patients who progressed to fistula failure were significantly less than flow rates in patients whose fistulas did not fail (U = 13.0, P < 0.0003). Failure was no more common in one type of fistula than another (type fistula: F = 0.29, P = 0.88; flow predicting failure: F = 7.22, P = 0.010). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses confirmed flow measurement to be a useful predictor of fistula failure (area under ROC curve 0.91). The optimal threshold of 576 mL/min flow gave a sensitivity of 89% and a specificity of 81%. Measurement of access resistance was less useful in predicting failure (area under ROC curve 0.87). Measurement of fall in flow from the previous measurement was of no use (area under ROC curve 0.535). On-line thermodilution measurement of flow within established native arteriovenous fistula is useful in surveillance and early prediction of fistula failure. Fistula flow <576 mL/min may indicate incipient native fistula failure, and should prompt further investigation.
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Journal title: Nephrology (Carlton, Vic.)
Publication Date: 2005-04
ISSN: 1320-5358
Type: Journal Article
DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2005.00380.x
Appears in Collections:(a) NT Health Research Collection

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