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Title: Bronchiectasis is associated with human T-lymphotropic virus 1 infection in an Indigenous Australian population.
Authors: Einsiedel LJ
Fernandes L
Spelman T
Steinfort D
Gotuzzo E
Citation: Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2012-01-01; 54(1): 43-50
Abstract: Recent studies suggest that infection with human T-lymphotropic virus 1 (HTLV-1) might be associated with bronchiectasis among Indigenous Australians. The present study compared the clinical characteristics and outcomes of bronchiectasis in this population, according to HTLV-1 serologic status. We performed a retrospective cohort study of Indigenous adults with bronchiectasis and known HTLV-1 serologic status admitted to Alice Springs Hospital, central Australia, from January 2000 through December 2006. Among 89 Indigenous adults whose HTLV-1 serologic status was confirmed, 52 (58.4%) were HTLV-1 seropositive. Differences between HTLV-1-seropositive and HTLV-1-seronegative groups were apparent in childhood presentations and adult outcomes. Among adults, an increasing number of bronchiectatic lobes (univariable odds ratio [OR], 1.51; 95% confidence interval [CI]; 1.03-2.20; P = .033) and the presence of ground-glass opacities at chest high-resolution computed tomography (univariable OR, 8.54; 95% CI, 1.04-70.03; P = .046) predicted HTLV-1 infection. Cor pumonale (HTLV-1-positive group, 10/52; HTLV-1-negative group, 1/37; P = .023) was more frequent among HTLV-1-seropositive adults, who also experienced a higher disease-specific mortality (univariable OR, 5.78; 95% CI, 1.17-26.75; P = .028). Only HTLV-1-seropositive patients were admitted specifically for the treatment of infected skin lesions, and this finding predicted death (multivariable OR, 6.77; 95% CI, 1.46-31.34; P = .014). Overall mortality was high; 34.2% of the cohort died at a median age of 42.5 years. HTLV-1 infection contributes to the risk of developing bronchiectasis and worsens outcomes among Indigenous Australians.
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Journal title: Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Publication Date: 2012-01-01
Type: Journal Article
DOI: 10.1093/cid/cir766
Appears in Collections:(a) NT Health Research Collection

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