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Title: Assessment of renal functional maturation and injury in preterm neonates during the first month of life.
Authors: Gubhaju, Lina
Sutherland, Megan R
Horne, Rosemary S C
Medhurst, Alison
Kent, Alison L
Ramsden, Andrew
Moore, Lynette
Singh, Gurmeet
Hoy, Wendy E
Black, M Jane
Citation: American journal of physiology. Renal physiology 2014-07-15; 307(2): F149-58
Abstract: Worldwide, approximately 10% of neonates are born preterm. The majority of preterm neonates are born when the kidneys are still developing; therefore, during the early postnatal period renal function is likely reflective of renal immaturity and/or injury. This study evaluated glomerular and tubular function and urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL; a marker of renal injury) in preterm neonates during the first month of life. Preterm and term infants were recruited from Monash Newborn (neonatal intensive care unit at Monash Medical Centre) and Jesse McPherson Private Hospital, respectively. Infants were grouped according to gestational age at birth: ≤28 wk (n = 33), 29-31 wk (n = 44), 32-36 wk (n = 32), and term (≥37 wk (n = 22)). Measures of glomerular and tubular function were assessed on postnatal days 3-7, 14, 21, and 28. Glomerular and tubular function was significantly affected by gestational age at birth, as well as by postnatal age. By postnatal day 28, creatinine clearance remained significantly lower among preterm neonates compared with term infants; however, sodium excretion was not significantly different. Pathological proteinuria and high urinary NGAL levels were observed in a number of neonates, which may be indicative of renal injury; however, there was no correlation between the two markers. Findings suggest that neonatal renal function is predominantly influenced by renal maturity, and there was high capacity for postnatal tubular maturation among preterm neonates. There is insufficient evidence to suggest that urinary NGAL is a useful marker of renal injury in the preterm neonate.
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Journal title: American journal of physiology. Renal physiology
Publication Date: 2014-07-15
Type: Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
DOI: 10.1152/ajprenal.00439.2013
Appears in Collections:(a) NT Health Research Collection

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