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Title: The epidemiology of gonococcal arthritis in an Indigenous Australian population.
Authors: Tuttle, Camilla S L
Van Dantzig, Thomas
Brady, Stephen
Ward, James
Maguire, Graeme
Citation: Sexually transmitted infections 2015-11; 91(7): 497-501
Abstract: Disseminated Gonococcal Infection (DGI) is caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteraemia. Typically the primary source is a sexually acquired mucosal infection. If not recognised and treated promptly DGI can be associated with significant morbidity and, in rare cases, death. Central Australia has one of the highest rates of gonococcal notifications in Australia. Despite this, the nature and prevalence of complications arising from gonococcal infections within this at-risk population is unknown. Enhanced surveillance and audit of patients with DGI discharged from Alice Springs Hospital between 2003 and 2012. Patient demographics and clinical management data were extracted from healthcare records and investigation databases. DGI cases were significantly more likely to present in young (≤29 years) Indigenous women compared with young Indigenous men (χ(2), p=0.020). Overall Indigenous women had nearly twice the risk of DGI compared with men (relative risk 1.92 (95% CI 1.45 to 2.53)). The incidence of DGI per all gonococcal notifications on average was 911/100 000 (95% CI 717 to 1142) gonococcal notifications. DGI represents a severe complication of N. gonorrhoeae infection. In Central Australia DGI is not a rare oddity but rather an important differential when dealing with patients with undefined sepsis and associated joint disease.
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Journal title: Sexually transmitted infections
Publication Date: 2015-11
Type: Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2014-051893
Appears in Collections:(a) NT Health Research Collection

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