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Title: Salmonella in the tropical household environment--Everyday, everywhere.
Authors: Williams S
Patel M
Markey P
Muller R
Benedict S
Ross I
Heuzenroeder M
Davos D
Cameron S
Krause VL
Citation: The Journal of infection 2015-12; 71(6): 642-8
Abstract: To determine the prevalence of Salmonella in the environment of case and control houses, and compare serovars isolated from cases and their houses. From 2005 to 2008, we tested samples from houses of 0-4 year old cases and community controls in Darwin and Palmerston for Salmonella. Case isolates were compared with environmental isolates. S. Ball and S. Urbana isolates were compared using Multiple Amplification of Phage Locus Typing (MAPLT) and Multiple-Locus Variable number of tandem repeat Analysis (MLVA). Salmonella were found in 47/65 (72%) case houses and 18/29 (62%) control houses; these proportions were not significantly different. In 21/47 (45%) houses, case and environmental isolates (from animal faeces, soil and vacuums) were indistinguishable. Multiple serovars were isolated from 20 (31%) case and 6 (21%) control houses. All but one environmental isolate are known human pathogens in the Northern Territory (NT). Each of the four pairs of S. Ball and S. Urbana were indistinguishable. Animal faeces were the most likely source of salmonellosis in cases. The similar prevalence of house isolates suggests that Salmonella is ubiquitous in this environment. The distinction of S. Ball and S. Urbana subtypes enabled linkage of human illness to environmental exposure. Environmental contamination with Salmonella is an important source of sporadic infection in children in the tropics.
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Journal title: The Journal of infection
Publication Date: 2015-12
Type: Journal Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.jinf.2015.09.011
Appears in Collections:(a) NT Health Research Collection

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