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Title: The Association between HbA1c and Cardiovascular Disease Markers in a Remote Indigenous Australian Community with and without Diagnosed Diabetes.
Authors: Arnold, Luke W
Hoy, Wendy E
Sharma, Suresh K
Wang, Zhiqiang
Citation: Journal of diabetes research 2016; 2016: 5342304
Abstract: This study investigates the burden of cardiovascular risk markers in people with and without diabetes in a remote Indigenous Australian community, based on their HbA1c concentration. This study included health screening exams of 1187 remote Indigenous residents over 15 years old who represented 70% of the age-eligible community. The participants were stratified by HbA1c into 5 groups using cut-off points recommended by international organisations. The associations of traditional cardiovascular risk markers with HbA1c groups were assessed using logistic and linear regressions and ANOVA models. Of the 1187 participants, 158 (13%) had a previous diabetes diagnosis, up to 568 (48%) were at high risk (5.7-6.4% (39-46 mmol/mol) HbA1c), and 67 (6%) potential new cases of diabetes (≥6.5% (48 mmol/mol)) were identified. Individuals with higher HbA1c levels were more likely to have albuminuria (OR 3.14, 95% CI 1.26-7.82) and dyslipidaemia (OR 2.37, 95% CI 1.29-4.34) and visited the clinic more often (OR 2.52, 95% CI 1.26-4.99). Almost all traditional CVD risk factors showed a positive association with HbA1c. Screening in this remote Indigenous Australian community highlights the high proportion of individuals who are at high risk of diabetes as indicated by HbA1c and who also had an accentuated cardiovascular risk profile.
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Journal title: Journal of diabetes research
Publication Date: 2016
Type: Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
DOI: 10.1155/2016/5342304
Appears in Collections:(a) NT Health Research Collection

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