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dc.contributor.authorCharara, Raghid-
dc.contributor.authorForouzanfar, Mohammad-
dc.contributor.authorNaghavi, Mohsen-
dc.contributor.authorMoradi-Lakeh, Maziar-
dc.contributor.authorAfshin, Ashkan-
dc.contributor.authorVos, Theo-
dc.contributor.authorDaoud, Farah-
dc.contributor.authorWang, Haidong-
dc.contributor.authorEl Bcheraoui, Charbel-
dc.contributor.authorKhalil, Ibrahim-
dc.contributor.authorHamadeh, Randah R-
dc.contributor.authorKhosravi, Ardeshir-
dc.contributor.authorRahimi-Movaghar, Vafa-
dc.contributor.authorKhader, Yousef-
dc.contributor.authorAl-Hamad, Nawal-
dc.contributor.authorMakhlouf Obermeyer, Carla-
dc.contributor.authorRafay, Anwar-
dc.contributor.authorAsghar, Rana-
dc.contributor.authorRana, Saleem M-
dc.contributor.authorShaheen, Amira-
dc.contributor.authorAbu-Rmeileh, Niveen M E-
dc.contributor.authorHusseini, Abdullatif-
dc.contributor.authorAbu-Raddad, Laith J-
dc.contributor.authorKhoja, Tawfik-
dc.contributor.authorAl Rayess, Zulfa A-
dc.contributor.authorAlBuhairan, Fadia S-
dc.contributor.authorHsairi, Mohamed-
dc.contributor.authorAlomari, Mahmoud A-
dc.contributor.authorAli, Raghib-
dc.contributor.authorRoshandel, Gholamreza-
dc.contributor.authorTerkawi, Abdullah Sulieman-
dc.contributor.authorHamidi, Samer-
dc.contributor.authorRefaat, Amany H-
dc.contributor.authorWesterman, Ronny-
dc.contributor.authorKiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad-
dc.contributor.authorAkanda, Ali S-
dc.contributor.authorAli, Syed Danish-
dc.contributor.authorBacha, Umar-
dc.contributor.authorBadawi, Alaa-
dc.contributor.authorBazargan-Hejazi, Shahrzad-
dc.contributor.authorFaghmous, Imad A D-
dc.contributor.authorFereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammad-
dc.contributor.authorFischer, Florian-
dc.contributor.authorJonas, Jost B-
dc.contributor.authorKuate Defo, Barthelemy-
dc.contributor.authorMehari, Alem-
dc.contributor.authorOmer, Saad B-
dc.contributor.authorPourmalek, Farshad-
dc.contributor.authorUthman, Olalekan A-
dc.contributor.authorMokdad, Ali A-
dc.contributor.authorMaalouf, Fadi T-
dc.contributor.authorAbd-Allah, Foad-
dc.contributor.authorAkseer, Nadia-
dc.contributor.authorArya, Dinesh-
dc.contributor.authorBorschmann, Rohan-
dc.contributor.authorBrazinova, Alexandra-
dc.contributor.authorBrugha, Traolach S-
dc.contributor.authorCatalá-López, Ferrán-
dc.contributor.authorDegenhardt, Louisa-
dc.contributor.authorFerrari, Alize-
dc.contributor.authorHaro, Josep Maria-
dc.contributor.authorHorino, Masako-
dc.contributor.authorHornberger, John C-
dc.contributor.authorHuang, Hsiang-
dc.contributor.authorKieling, Christian-
dc.contributor.authorKim, Daniel-
dc.contributor.authorKim, Yunjin-
dc.contributor.authorKnudsen, Ann Kristin-
dc.contributor.authorMitchell, Philip B-
dc.contributor.authorPatton, George-
dc.contributor.authorSagar, Rajesh-
dc.contributor.authorSatpathy, Maheswar-
dc.contributor.authorSavuon, Kim-
dc.contributor.authorSeedat, Soraya-
dc.contributor.authorShiue, Ivy-
dc.contributor.authorSkogen, Jens Christoffer-
dc.contributor.authorStein, Dan J-
dc.contributor.authorTabb, Karen M-
dc.contributor.authorWhiteford, Harvey A-
dc.contributor.authorYip, Paul-
dc.contributor.authorYonemoto, Naohiro-
dc.contributor.authorMurray, Christopher J L-
dc.contributor.authorMokdad, Ali H-
dc.date2017-
dc.date.accessioned2018-05-15T23:00:37Z-
dc.date.available2018-05-15T23:00:37Z-
dc.date.issued2017-
dc.identifier.citationPloS one 2017; 12(1): e0169575-
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10137/5291-
dc.description.abstractThe Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) is witnessing an increase in chronic disorders, including mental illness. With ongoing unrest, this is expected to rise. This is the first study to quantify the burden of mental disorders in the EMR. We used data from the Global Burden of Disease study (GBD) 2013. DALYs (disability-adjusted life years) allow assessment of both premature mortality (years of life lost-YLLs) and nonfatal outcomes (years lived with disability-YLDs). DALYs are computed by adding YLLs and YLDs for each age-sex-country group. In 2013, mental disorders contributed to 5.6% of the total disease burden in the EMR (1894 DALYS/100,000 population): 2519 DALYS/100,000 (2590/100,000 males, 2426/100,000 females) in high-income countries, 1884 DALYS/100,000 (1618/100,000 males, 2157/100,000 females) in middle-income countries, 1607 DALYS/100,000 (1500/100,000 males, 1717/100,000 females) in low-income countries. Females had a greater proportion of burden due to mental disorders than did males of equivalent ages, except for those under 15 years of age. The highest proportion of DALYs occurred in the 25-49 age group, with a peak in the 35-39 years age group (5344 DALYs/100,000). The burden of mental disorders in EMR increased from 1726 DALYs/100,000 in 1990 to 1912 DALYs/100,000 in 2013 (10.8% increase). Within the mental disorders group in EMR, depressive disorders accounted for most DALYs, followed by anxiety disorders. Among EMR countries, Palestine had the largest burden of mental disorders. Nearly all EMR countries had a higher mental disorder burden compared to the global level. Our findings call for EMR ministries of health to increase provision of mental health services and to address the stigma of mental illness. Moreover, our results showing the accelerating burden of mental health are alarming as the region is seeing an increased level of instability. Indeed, mental health problems, if not properly addressed, will lead to an increased burden of diseases in the region.-
dc.description.provenanceMade available in DSpace on 2018-05-15T23:00:37Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 0 Previous issue date: 2017en
dc.language.isoeng-
dc.titleThe Burden of Mental Disorders in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990-2013.-
dc.typeJournal Article-
dc.identifier.journaltitlePloS one-
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0169575-
dc.identifier.pubmedidhttps://www.ezpdhcs.nt.gov.au/login?url=https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28095477-
dc.subject.meshAdolescent-
dc.subject.meshAdult-
dc.subject.meshAge Factors-
dc.subject.meshAged-
dc.subject.meshAged, 80 and over-
dc.subject.meshChild-
dc.subject.meshChild, Preschool-
dc.subject.meshFemale-
dc.subject.meshHumans-
dc.subject.meshInfant-
dc.subject.meshInfant, Newborn-
dc.subject.meshLife Expectancy-
dc.subject.meshMale-
dc.subject.meshMediterranean Region-
dc.subject.meshMental Disorders-
dc.subject.meshMiddle Aged-
dc.subject.meshSex Factors-
dc.subject.meshTime Factors-
dc.subject.meshYoung Adult-
dc.subject.meshGlobal Health-
dc.subject.meshHealth Status-
dc.identifier.affiliationInstitute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, Washington, United States of America..-
dc.identifier.affiliationInstitute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, Washington, United States of America..-
dc.identifier.affiliationInstitute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, Washington, United States of America..-
dc.identifier.affiliationInstitute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, Washington, United States of America.. Preventive Medicine and Public Health Research Center, Department of Community Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran..-
dc.identifier.affiliationInstitute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, Washington, United States of America..-
dc.identifier.affiliationInstitute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, Washington, United States of America..-
dc.identifier.affiliationInstitute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, Washington, United States of America..-
dc.identifier.affiliationInstitute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, Washington, United States of America..-
dc.identifier.affiliationInstitute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, Washington, United States of America..-
dc.identifier.affiliationInstitute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, Washington, United States of America..-
dc.identifier.affiliationArabian Gulf University, Manama, Bahrain..-
dc.identifier.affiliationIranian Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran..-
dc.identifier.affiliationSina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran..-
dc.identifier.affiliationJordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan..-
dc.identifier.affiliationPublic Authority for Food and Nutrition, Kuwait, Kuwait..-
dc.identifier.affiliationCenter for Research on Population and Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon..-
dc.identifier.affiliationContech International Health Consultants, Lahore, Pakistan..-
dc.identifier.affiliationSouth Asian Public Health Forum, Islamabad, Pakistan..-
dc.identifier.affiliationContech International Health Consultants, Lahore, Pakistan..-
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Public Health, An-Najah University, Nablus, Palestine..-
dc.identifier.affiliationInstitute of Community and Public Health, Birzeit University, Ramallah, Palestine..-
dc.identifier.affiliationInstitute of Community and Public Health, Birzeit University, Ramallah, Palestine..-
dc.identifier.affiliationHarvard University, Boston, MA, United States of America.. Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group, Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar, Doha, Qatar..-
dc.identifier.affiliationHealth Ministers' Council for Cooperation Council States, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia..-
dc.identifier.affiliationThe Saudi Center for Evidence Based Healthcare, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia..-
dc.identifier.affiliationKing Abdullah Specialized Children's Hospital, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia..-
dc.identifier.affiliationMinistry of Health-Tunisia (Faculty of Medicine Tunis), Tunis, Tunisia..-
dc.identifier.affiliationDivision of Physical Therapy, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan..-
dc.identifier.affiliationUniversity of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom..-
dc.identifier.affiliationGolestan Research Center of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran..-
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Anesthesiology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, United States of America.. Department of Anesthesiology, King Fahad medical city, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.. OUTCOMES RESEARCH Consortium, Cleveland, OH, United States of America..-
dc.identifier.affiliationHamdan Bin Mohammed Smart University, Dubai, United Arab Emirates..-
dc.identifier.affiliationSuez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.. Walden University, Minneapolis, MN, United States of America..-
dc.identifier.affiliationFederal Institute for Population Research, Wiesbaden, Germany..-
dc.identifier.affiliationClinical Epidemiology Unit, Department of Clinical Sciences Lund, Orthopedics, Lund University, Lund, Sweden..-
dc.identifier.affiliationUniversity of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, United States of America..-
dc.identifier.affiliationSIR Consultants, Sindh, Pakistan..-
dc.identifier.affiliationSchool of Health Sciences, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan..-
dc.identifier.affiliationPublic Health Agency of Canada, Toronto, ON, Canada..-
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Psychiatry, Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science, Los Angeles, California, United States of America.. David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, United States of America..-
dc.identifier.affiliationTehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.. London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom..-
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden..-
dc.identifier.affiliationBielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany..-
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Ophthalmology, Medical Faculty Mannheim, University Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany..-
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Social and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health of the University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada..-
dc.identifier.affiliationHoward University College of Medicine, Howard University, Washington DC, United States of America..-
dc.identifier.affiliationEmory University, Atlanta, GA, United States of America..-
dc.identifier.affiliationUniversity of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada..-
dc.identifier.affiliationWarwick-Centre for Applied Health Research and Delivery (WCAHRD), Division of Health Sciences, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom..-
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas, Texas, United States of America..-
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Psychiatry, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon..-
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Neurology, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt..-
dc.identifier.affiliationThe Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada; University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada..-
dc.identifier.affiliationNorthern Territory Department of Health, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia..-
dc.identifier.affiliationCentre for Adolescent Health, Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia..-
dc.identifier.affiliationTrnava University, Trnava, Slovakia..-
dc.identifier.affiliationUniversity of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom..-
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Medicine, University of Valencia/INCLIVA Health Research Institute and CIBERSAM, Valencia, Spain..-
dc.identifier.affiliationNational Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia..-
dc.identifier.affiliationInstitute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, Washington, United States of America.. School of Public Health, University of Queensland, Herston, Queensland, Australia.. Queensland Centre for Mental Health Research, Wacol, Queensland, Australia..-
dc.identifier.affiliationParc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu-CIBERSAM, Sant Boi de Llobregat, Spain..-
dc.identifier.affiliationNevada Division of Behavior and Public Health, Carson City, NV, United States of America..-
dc.identifier.affiliationNational Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, United States of America.. Cedar Associates, Menlo Park, CA, United States of America..-
dc.identifier.affiliationCambridge Health Alliance, Cambridge, MA, United States of America..-
dc.identifier.affiliationFederal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil..-
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Health Sciences, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America..-
dc.identifier.affiliationSouthern University College, Johor, Malaysia..-
dc.identifier.affiliationCentre for Disease Burden, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Bergen, Norway..-
dc.identifier.affiliationSchool of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia..-
dc.identifier.affiliationMurdoch Children's Research Institute, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia..-
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Psychiatry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India..-
dc.identifier.affiliationUGC Centre for Advanced Studies in Psychology, Utkal University, Vani Vihar, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, INDIA..-
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Hospital Services, Ministry of Health, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.. Mental Health Association of Cambodia, Phnom Penh, Cambodia..-
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Psychiatry, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa..-
dc.identifier.affiliationHealth and Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom..-
dc.identifier.affiliationDomain for Mental and Physical Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Bergen, Norway.. Center for Alcohol & Drug Research, Stavanger University Hospital, Stavanger, Norway..-
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Psychiatry, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.. MRC Unit on Risk & Resilience in Mental Disorders, Cape Town, South Africa..-
dc.identifier.affiliationSchool of Social Work, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, Illinois, United States of America..-
dc.identifier.affiliationUniversity of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia..-
dc.identifier.affiliationCentre for Suicide Research and Prevention, The University of Hong Kong, Pok Fu Lam, Hong Kong.. Social Work and Social Administration Department, The University of Hong Kong, Pok Fu Lam, Hong Kong..-
dc.identifier.affiliationDepartment of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan..-
dc.identifier.affiliationInstitute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, Washington, United States of America..-
dc.identifier.affiliationInstitute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, Washington, United States of America..-
dc.identifier.pubmedurihttps://www.ezpdhcs.nt.gov.au/login?url=https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28095477-
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