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Title: Validating a novel three-times-weekly post-hemodialysis ceftriaxone regimen in infected Indigenous Australian patients-a population pharmacokinetic study.
Authors: Tsai D
Zam B B
Tongs C
Chiong F
Sajiv C
Pawar B
Ashok A
Cooper B P
Tong S Y C
Janson S
Wallis S C
Roberts J A
Parker S L
Citation: © The Author(s) 2023. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy.
J Antimicrob Chemother. 2023 Aug 2;78(8):1963-1973. doi: 10.1093/jac/dkad190.
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: To describe the total and unbound population pharmacokinetics of a 2 g three-times-weekly post-dialysis ceftriaxone regimen in Indigenous Australian patients requiring hemodialysis. METHODS: A pharmacokinetic study was carried out in the dialysis unit of a remote Australian hospital. Adult Indigenous patients on intermittent hemodialysis (using a high-flux dialyzer) and treated with a 2 g three-times-weekly ceftriaxone regimen were recruited. Plasma samples were serially collected over two dosing intervals and assayed using validated methodology. Population pharmacokinetic analysis and Monte Carlo simulations were performed using Pmetrics in R. The probability of pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic target attainment (unbound trough concentrations ≥1 mg/L) and toxicity [trough concentrations (total)  ≥100 mg/L] were simulated for various dosing strategies. RESULTS: Total and unbound concentrations were measured in 122 plasma samples collected from 16 patients (13 female) with median age 57 years. A two-compartment model including protein-binding adequately described the data, with serum bilirubin concentrations associated (inversely) with ceftriaxone clearance. The 2 g three-times-weekly regimen achieved 98% probability to maintain unbound ceftriaxone concentrations ≥1 mg/L for a serum bilirubin of 5 µmol/L. Incremental accumulation of ceftriaxone was observed in those with bilirubin concentrations >5 µmol/L. Three-times-weekly regimens were less probable to achieve toxic exposures compared with once-daily regimens. Ceftriaxone clearance was increased by >10-fold during dialysis. CONCLUSIONS: A novel 2 g three-times-weekly post-dialysis ceftriaxone regimen can be recommended for a bacterial infection with an MIC ≤1 mg/L. A 1 g three-times-weekly post-dialysis regimen is recommended for those with serum bilirubin ≥10 µmol/L. Administration of ceftriaxone during dialysis is not recommended.
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Journal title: The Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy
Volume: 78
Pages: 1963-1973
Publication Date: 2023-08-02
Type: Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
DOI: 10.1093/jac/dkad190
Orcid: 0000-0002-7059-8808
Appears in Collections:(a) NT Health Research Collection

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