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Title: "Sometimes our mob don't really take it serious until it's serious": The experiences of Western Australian Aboriginal adolescents living with type 2 diabetes, their parents and family members.
Authors: Carman R
Towell-Barnard A
Shah M
Davis E
Maple-Brown LJ
Pearson G
Arabiat D
Kirkham R
Whitehead L
Citation: Copyright © 2023 Canadian Diabetes Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Can J Diabetes. 2023 Apr 8:S1499-2671(23)00063-1. doi: 10.1016/j.jcjd.2023.03.008.
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: In Australia, Aboriginal children experience disproportionate rates of type 2 diabetes compared to non-Aboriginal children. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore the experiences of Aboriginal adolescents with type 2 diabetes and their family members to better understand the influences of type 2 diabetes on self-management with findings used to inform an enhanced service models of care. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with purposely selected Western Australian Aboriginal adolescents with type 2 diabetes, their parents, and guardians. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed in NVivo through interpretative thematic analysis; overarching themes were generated. RESULTS: Interviews with 24 participants, including eight adolescents aged 11-16 years were conducted across four regions of Western Australia. A high proportion of the adolescents were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes during a non-related hospitalisation or medical appointment. Most did not fully understand, nor were aware of the long-term impact of type 2 diabetes. Discussions about diabetes within families did not typically occur, and shame and concealment of their diagnosis was a common finding. Parents described the adolescent's diagnosis of type 2 diabetes as compounding an already challenging set of circumstances for the family. This impacted the parents capacity to encourage and promote self-management activities and attend hospital and outpatient appointments. CONCLUSION: This study privileges the voices of Aboriginal adolescents and family members and offers insight into their personal narrative living with type 2 diabetes. Building family and community capacity to normalise preventative activities and manage type 2 diabetes post-diagnosis, is recommended to address the escalating rates of diabetes and improve the health outcomes.
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Journal title: Canadian journal of diabetes
Publication Date: 2023-04-08
Type: Journal Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcjd.2023.03.008
Appears in Collections:(a) NT Health Research Collection

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