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Title: The epidemiology of the COVID-19 pandemic in the small, low-resource country of Timor-Leste, January 2020 - June 2022.
Authors: Niha MA
Draper ADK
Viegas OS
de Araujo RM
Joao JC
da Silva E
Barreto I
Sarmento N
Oakley T
Machado FN
Fancourt, NSs
Marr I
Dos Santos Fernandes LN
Martins N
Arkell P
Tilman AJ
Dingle B
Freitas CC
Bhowmick PS
Sheridan S
Howden BP
Yan J
Francis JR
Martins N
Citation: © Commonwealth of Australia CC BY-NC-ND.
Commun Dis Intell (2018). 2023 Jan 19;47. doi: 10.33321/cdi.2023.47.1.
Abstract: Timor-Leste, a small, mountainous half-island nation which shares a land border with Indonesia and which is 550 km from Australia, has a population of 1.3 million and achieved independence for the second time in 2002. It is one of the poorest nations in Asia. In response to the global coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, the Timor-Leste Ministry of Health undertook surveillance and contact tracing activities on all notified COVID-19 cases. Between 1 January 2020 and 30 June 2022, there were 22,957 cases of COVID-19 notified which occurred in three waves, the first which was delayed until April 2021 (community transmission of B.1.466.2 variant following major flooding), followed by waves in August 2021 (B.1.617.2 Delta variant transmission) and February 2022 (B.1.1.529 Omicron variant transmission). There were 753 people hospitalised due to COVID-19 and 133 deaths. Of the 133 deaths, 122 (92%) were considered not fully vaccinated (< 2 COVID-19 vaccines) and none had received boosters. Timor-Leste implemented measures to control COVID-19, including: rapid closure of international borders; isolation of cases; quarantining of international arrivals and close contacts; restrictions on internal travel; social and physical distancing; and, finally, a country-wide vaccination program. The health system's capacity was never exceeded.
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Journal title: Communicable diseases intelligence (2018)
Volume: 47
Publication Date: 2023-01-19
Type: Journal Article
Journal Article
DOI: 10.33321/cdi.2023.47.1
Appears in Collections:(a) NT Health Research Collection

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