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|Title:||Melioidosis and Burkholderia pseudomallei: progress in epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment and vaccination.|
|Citation:||Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.|
Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2022 Aug 4. doi: 10.1097/QCO.0000000000000869.
|Abstract:||PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Melioidosis and its causative bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei are being found in unexpected locations and bacterial genotyping is providing new insights into global spread and where and how individuals are being infected. This review summarizes recent studies covering the epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of melioidosis. RECENT FINDINGS: Whole-genome sequencing of B. pseudomallei from patients and environmental sampling is informing the phylogeography of B. pseudomallei at regional, continental, and global levels, while also defining the epidemiology for individual cases. The situation in Africa remains the most unresolved, while the evolving story of B. pseudomallei in the Americas may establish that B. pseudomallei is endemic in parts of southern USA. Guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of melioidosis are well established, and published mortality has decreased from 50% or higher to 10% or lower in some countries but access to laboratory and therapeutic resources are not available or are extremely limited in many melioidosis-endemic regions. SUMMARY: The enormous clinical diversity of melioidosis and the complexities of laboratory diagnosis and of treatment make it a sentinel disease for highlighting the continuing global disparities in access to and provision of healthcare.|
|Click to open Pubmed Article:||https://www.ezpdhcs.nt.gov.au/login?url=https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35942848|
|Journal title:||Current opinion in infectious diseases|
|Appears in Collections:||(a) NT Health Research Collection|
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