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Title: Body fat prediction through feature extraction based on anthropometric and laboratory measurements.
Authors: Fan, Zongwen
Chiong, Raymond
Hu, Zhongyi
Keivanian, Farshid
Chiong, Fabian
Citation: PLoS One. 2022 Feb 22;17(2):e0263333. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0263333. eCollection 2022.
Abstract: Obesity, associated with having excess body fat, is a critical public health problem that can cause serious diseases. Although a range of techniques for body fat estimation have been developed to assess obesity, these typically involve high-cost tests requiring special equipment. Thus, the accurate prediction of body fat percentage based on easily accessed body measurements is important for assessing obesity and its related diseases. By considering the characteristics of different features (e.g. body measurements), this study investigates the effectiveness of feature extraction for body fat prediction. It evaluates the performance of three feature extraction approaches by comparing four well-known prediction models. Experimental results based on two real-world body fat datasets show that the prediction models perform better on incorporating feature extraction for body fat prediction, in terms of the mean absolute error, standard deviation, root mean square error and robustness. These results confirm that feature extraction is an effective pre-processing step for predicting body fat. In addition, statistical analysis confirms that feature extraction significantly improves the performance of prediction methods. Moreover, the increase in the number of extracted features results in further, albeit slight, improvements to the prediction models. The findings of this study provide a baseline for future research in related areas.
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Journal title: PloS one
Volume: 17
Pages: e0263333
Publication Date: 2022-02-22
Type: Journal Article
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0263333
Orcid: 0000-0002-8285-1903
Appears in Collections:(a) NT Health Research Collection

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