Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10137/11794
Title: Viral hepatitis in correctional facilities in the Northern Territory of Australia 2003-2017.
Authors: Sullivan, Richard P
Baird, Rob
Freeman, Kevin
Heggie, Hugh
Davis, Joshua S
Marshall, Catherine S
Davies, Jane
Citation: BMC Infect Dis. 2021 Jun 16;21(1):584. doi: 10.1186/s12879-021-06286-2.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The demographic of Northern Territory prison population differs than elsewhere in Australia and the prevalence of hepatitis B and hepatitis C may therefore be somewhat different from other jurisdictions. There has been no study which has specifically described the serological results of a large proportion of prisoners in Northern Territory correctional facilities over an extended period of time. METHODS: This retrospective longitudinal study reviewed serological results and testing rates for hepatitis B, and hepatitis C performed in correctional facilities in the Northern Territory of Australia between July 1st, 2003 and June 30th, 2017. RESULTS: The proportion of positive records over 14 years for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) was 641/12,066 (5.3, 95% CI 4.9-5.7), for hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc) 4937/12,138 (40.1, 95%CI 39.8-41.6), for hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs) 6966/13,303 (52.4, 95% CI 51.5-53.2), and for hepatitis C antibody 569/12,153 (4.7, 95% CI 4.3-5.1). The proportion of prisoners tested for hepatitis B and hepatitis C has decreased since 2015, while a high proportion of prisoners remain non-immune to hepatitis B. CONCLUSION: There is a relatively high proportion of positive serological markers of hepatitis B, and a lower proportion of positive hepatitis C serology in the Northern Territory's correctional facilities compared to overall Australian rates. As the proportion of prisoners tested for hepatitis B and C has decreased recently, and a high proportion of prisoners remain non-immune to hepatitis B, there are opportunities to increase testing and vaccination rates in this population.
Click to open Pubmed Article: https://www.ezpdhcs.nt.gov.au/login?url=https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34134657
Journal title: BMC infectious diseases
Volume: 21
Pages: 584
Publication Date: 2021-06-16
Type: Journal Article
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10137/11794
DOI: 10.1186/s12879-021-06286-2
Appears in Collections:(a) NT Health Research Collection

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