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Title: Serological evidence of Burkholderia pseudomallei infection in U.S. Marines who trained in Australia from 2012-2014: a retrospective analysis of archived samples.
Authors: Schully KL
Burtnick MN
Bell MG
Spall A
Mayo MJ
Rigas V
Chan AA
Yu K
Clark DV
Maves RC
Currie BJ
Brett PJ
Lawler JV
Citation: MSMR. 2019 Jul;26(7):8-17.
Abstract: Infection with the gram-negative bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei can result in a life-threatening disease known as melioidosis. Historically, melioidosis was a common infection in military forces serving in Southeast Asia, and it has the potential to have a serious impact on force health readiness. With the U.S. Department of Defense's increasing strategic and operational focus across the Pacific Theater, melioidosis is an increasingly important issue from a force health protection perspective. U.S. Marines deploy annually to Darwin, Australia, a "hyperendemic" region for B. pseudomallei, to engage in training exercises. In an effort to assess the risk of B. pseudomallei infection to service personnel in Australia, 341 paired samples, representing pre- and post-deployment samples of Marines who trained in Australia, were analyzed for antibodies against B. pseudomallei antigens. Serological evidence of possible deployment-related infection with B. pseudomallei was found in 13 Marines. Future prospective studies are required to further characterize the risk to service members deployed to melioidosis endemic areas.
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Journal title: MSMR
Volume: 26
Pages: 8-17
Publication Date: 2019-07
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:(a) NT Health Research Collection

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