NT Health Research and Publications Online

Welcome to NT Health Research and Publications Online, an open access digital repository that showcases the research projects and output of researchers working for the Northern Territory Department of Health (NT Health), while also collecting and preserving publications and multimedia produced in an official capacity, that represent the department. This service is maintained by NT Health Library Services
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  • Publication
    Journal Article
    Suspected exertional heat stroke; A case study of worker cooling in a hot and humid field environment.
    (2024-07-04)
    Rogerson, Shane
    ;
    Brearley, Matt
    In the event of a severe occupational heat-related illness, paramedic assistance may not be immediately available. A worker's survival may depend on their co-workers access to efficacious field-based cooling modalities. One cooling method that has been claimed to be practical in field-based settings is the ice towel method.This case study assessed the practicality of the ice towel method in an industrial setting, where criteria for use include cost effectiveness, portability, scalability, and implementation by a single worker under the stress of an emergency.This case study describes the emergency application of the ice towel method while awaiting paramedics, for a worker suffering suspected exertional heat stroke on a remote job site.Ice towels were able to be transported to a remote field site and applied successfully by a single worker under the stress of a potentially life-threatening emergency.The ice towel method was cost effective, scalable, transportable, and rapidly applied in a field-based emergency. This case study demonstrates the importance of organizations assessing their heat-related risks, and determining controls based upon their efficacy and practicality for their unique setting.
  • Publication
    Journal Article
    Decomposing the gaps in healthy and unhealthy life expectancies between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians: a burden of disease and injury study.
    The gaps in healthy life expectancy (HLE) between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians are significant. Detailed and accurate information is required to develop strategies that will close these health disparities. This paper aims to quantify and compare the causes and their relative contributions to the life expectancy (LE) gaps between the Indigenous and non-Indigenous population in the Northern Territory (NT), Australia.The age-cause decomposition was used to analyse the differences in HLE and unhealthy life expectancy (ULE), where LE = HLE + ULE. The data was sourced from the burden of disease and injury study in the NT between 2014 and 2018.In 2014-2018, the HLE at birth in the NT Indigenous population was estimated at 43.3 years in males and 41.4 years in females, 26.5 and 33.5 years shorter than the non-Indigenous population. This gap approximately doubled the LE gap (14.0 years in males, 16.6 years in females) at birth. In contrast to LE and HLE, ULE at birth was longer in the Indigenous than non-Indigenous population. The leading causes of the ULE gap at birth were endocrine conditions (explaining 2.9-4.4 years, 23-26%), followed by mental conditions in males and musculoskeletal conditions in females (1.92 and 1.94 years, 15% and 12% respectively), markedly different from the causes of the LE gap (cardiovascular disease, cancers and unintentional injury).The ULE estimates offer valuable insights into the patterns of morbidity particularly useful in terms of primary and secondary prevention.
  • Person
    Wright, Jo
  • Publication
    Journal Article
    Tracking trends in the Top End: clindamycin and erythromycin resistance in Group A Streptococcus in the Northern Territory, 2012-2023.
    This retrospective study reviewed the macrolide resistance rates of Group A Streptococcus (GAS) isolates in the Northern Territory from 2012 to 2023. Clindamycin and erythromycin resistance rates peaked in 2021, at 6.0% and 12.2% respectively, and then returned to near baseline at 1-2% in 2023. Increased resistance rates were identified in the Top End of Australia from mid-2020, followed 15 months later by high rates in central Australia in 2022. Factors associated with resistant isolates were living in a rural region and of age 18 years and older. Possible explanations include a transient clonal introduction of a resistant GAS strain to the Northern Territory from 2020 to 2022. Ongoing surveillance is required to monitor regional trends and identify temporal variations in resistant isolates.
  • Person
    Nixon, Joanne
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